Source code for oauthlib.oauth2.rfc6749.grant_types.authorization_code

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
oauthlib.oauth2.rfc6749.grant_types
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals

import json
import logging

from oauthlib import common
from oauthlib.uri_validate import is_absolute_uri

from .. import errors
from .base import GrantTypeBase

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]class AuthorizationCodeGrant(GrantTypeBase): """`Authorization Code Grant`_ The authorization code grant type is used to obtain both access tokens and refresh tokens and is optimized for confidential clients. Since this is a redirection-based flow, the client must be capable of interacting with the resource owner's user-agent (typically a web browser) and capable of receiving incoming requests (via redirection) from the authorization server:: +----------+ | Resource | | Owner | | | +----------+ ^ | (B) +----|-----+ Client Identifier +---------------+ | -+----(A)-- & Redirection URI ---->| | | User- | | Authorization | | Agent -+----(B)-- User authenticates --->| Server | | | | | | -+----(C)-- Authorization Code ---<| | +-|----|---+ +---------------+ | | ^ v (A) (C) | | | | | | ^ v | | +---------+ | | | |>---(D)-- Authorization Code ---------' | | Client | & Redirection URI | | | | | |<---(E)----- Access Token -------------------' +---------+ (w/ Optional Refresh Token) Note: The lines illustrating steps (A), (B), and (C) are broken into two parts as they pass through the user-agent. Figure 3: Authorization Code Flow The flow illustrated in Figure 3 includes the following steps: (A) The client initiates the flow by directing the resource owner's user-agent to the authorization endpoint. The client includes its client identifier, requested scope, local state, and a redirection URI to which the authorization server will send the user-agent back once access is granted (or denied). (B) The authorization server authenticates the resource owner (via the user-agent) and establishes whether the resource owner grants or denies the client's access request. (C) Assuming the resource owner grants access, the authorization server redirects the user-agent back to the client using the redirection URI provided earlier (in the request or during client registration). The redirection URI includes an authorization code and any local state provided by the client earlier. (D) The client requests an access token from the authorization server's token endpoint by including the authorization code received in the previous step. When making the request, the client authenticates with the authorization server. The client includes the redirection URI used to obtain the authorization code for verification. (E) The authorization server authenticates the client, validates the authorization code, and ensures that the redirection URI received matches the URI used to redirect the client in step (C). If valid, the authorization server responds back with an access token and, optionally, a refresh token. .. _`Authorization Code Grant`: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-4.1 """ default_response_mode = 'query' response_types = ['code']
[docs] def create_authorization_code(self, request): """ Generates an authorization grant represented as a dictionary. :param request: OAuthlib request. :type request: oauthlib.common.Request """ grant = {'code': common.generate_token()} if hasattr(request, 'state') and request.state: grant['state'] = request.state log.debug('Created authorization code grant %r for request %r.', grant, request) return grant
[docs] def create_authorization_response(self, request, token_handler): """ The client constructs the request URI by adding the following parameters to the query component of the authorization endpoint URI using the "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" format, per `Appendix B`_: response_type REQUIRED. Value MUST be set to "code" for standard OAuth2 authorization flow. For OpenID Connect it must be one of "code token", "code id_token", or "code token id_token" - we essentially test that "code" appears in the response_type. client_id REQUIRED. The client identifier as described in `Section 2.2`_. redirect_uri OPTIONAL. As described in `Section 3.1.2`_. scope OPTIONAL. The scope of the access request as described by `Section 3.3`_. state RECOMMENDED. An opaque value used by the client to maintain state between the request and callback. The authorization server includes this value when redirecting the user-agent back to the client. The parameter SHOULD be used for preventing cross-site request forgery as described in `Section 10.12`_. The client directs the resource owner to the constructed URI using an HTTP redirection response, or by other means available to it via the user-agent. :param request: OAuthlib request. :type request: oauthlib.common.Request :param token_handler: A token handler instance, for example of type oauthlib.oauth2.BearerToken. :returns: headers, body, status :raises: FatalClientError on invalid redirect URI or client id. A few examples:: >>> from your_validator import your_validator >>> request = Request('https://example.com/authorize?client_id=valid' ... '&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fclient.com%2F') >>> from oauthlib.common import Request >>> from oauthlib.oauth2 import AuthorizationCodeGrant, BearerToken >>> token = BearerToken(your_validator) >>> grant = AuthorizationCodeGrant(your_validator) >>> request.scopes = ['authorized', 'in', 'some', 'form'] >>> grant.create_authorization_response(request, token) (u'http://client.com/?error=invalid_request&error_description=Missing+response_type+parameter.', None, None, 400) >>> request = Request('https://example.com/authorize?client_id=valid' ... '&redirect_uri=http%3A%2F%2Fclient.com%2F' ... '&response_type=code') >>> request.scopes = ['authorized', 'in', 'some', 'form'] >>> grant.create_authorization_response(request, token) (u'http://client.com/?code=u3F05aEObJuP2k7DordviIgW5wl52N', None, None, 200) >>> # If the client id or redirect uri fails validation >>> grant.create_authorization_response(request, token) Traceback (most recent call last): File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module> File "oauthlib/oauth2/rfc6749/grant_types.py", line 515, in create_authorization_response >>> grant.create_authorization_response(request, token) File "oauthlib/oauth2/rfc6749/grant_types.py", line 591, in validate_authorization_request oauthlib.oauth2.rfc6749.errors.InvalidClientIdError .. _`Appendix B`: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#appendix-B .. _`Section 2.2`: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-2.2 .. _`Section 3.1.2`: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-3.1.2 .. _`Section 3.3`: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-3.3 .. _`Section 10.12`: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-10.12 """ try: self.validate_authorization_request(request) log.debug('Pre resource owner authorization validation ok for %r.', request) # If the request fails due to a missing, invalid, or mismatching # redirection URI, or if the client identifier is missing or invalid, # the authorization server SHOULD inform the resource owner of the # error and MUST NOT automatically redirect the user-agent to the # invalid redirection URI. except errors.FatalClientError as e: log.debug('Fatal client error during validation of %r. %r.', request, e) raise # If the resource owner denies the access request or if the request # fails for reasons other than a missing or invalid redirection URI, # the authorization server informs the client by adding the following # parameters to the query component of the redirection URI using the # "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" format, per Appendix B: # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#appendix-B except errors.OAuth2Error as e: log.debug('Client error during validation of %r. %r.', request, e) request.redirect_uri = request.redirect_uri or self.error_uri redirect_uri = common.add_params_to_uri( request.redirect_uri, e.twotuples, fragment=request.response_mode == "fragment") return {'Location': redirect_uri}, None, 302 grant = self.create_authorization_code(request) for modifier in self._code_modifiers: grant = modifier(grant, token_handler, request) log.debug('Saving grant %r for %r.', grant, request) self.request_validator.save_authorization_code( request.client_id, grant, request) return self.prepare_authorization_response( request, grant, {}, None, 302)
[docs] def create_token_response(self, request, token_handler): """Validate the authorization code. The client MUST NOT use the authorization code more than once. If an authorization code is used more than once, the authorization server MUST deny the request and SHOULD revoke (when possible) all tokens previously issued based on that authorization code. The authorization code is bound to the client identifier and redirection URI. :param request: OAuthlib request. :type request: oauthlib.common.Request :param token_handler: A token handler instance, for example of type oauthlib.oauth2.BearerToken. """ headers = { 'Content-Type': 'application/json', 'Cache-Control': 'no-store', 'Pragma': 'no-cache', } try: self.validate_token_request(request) log.debug('Token request validation ok for %r.', request) except errors.OAuth2Error as e: log.debug('Client error during validation of %r. %r.', request, e) return headers, e.json, e.status_code token = token_handler.create_token(request, refresh_token=self.refresh_token, save_token=False) for modifier in self._token_modifiers: token = modifier(token, token_handler, request) self.request_validator.save_token(token, request) self.request_validator.invalidate_authorization_code( request.client_id, request.code, request) return headers, json.dumps(token), 200
[docs] def validate_authorization_request(self, request): """Check the authorization request for normal and fatal errors. A normal error could be a missing response_type parameter or the client attempting to access scope it is not allowed to ask authorization for. Normal errors can safely be included in the redirection URI and sent back to the client. Fatal errors occur when the client_id or redirect_uri is invalid or missing. These must be caught by the provider and handled, how this is done is outside of the scope of OAuthLib but showing an error page describing the issue is a good idea. :param request: OAuthlib request. :type request: oauthlib.common.Request """ # First check for fatal errors # If the request fails due to a missing, invalid, or mismatching # redirection URI, or if the client identifier is missing or invalid, # the authorization server SHOULD inform the resource owner of the # error and MUST NOT automatically redirect the user-agent to the # invalid redirection URI. # First check duplicate parameters for param in ('client_id', 'response_type', 'redirect_uri', 'scope', 'state'): try: duplicate_params = request.duplicate_params except ValueError: raise errors.InvalidRequestFatalError(description='Unable to parse query string', request=request) if param in duplicate_params: raise errors.InvalidRequestFatalError(description='Duplicate %s parameter.' % param, request=request) # REQUIRED. The client identifier as described in Section 2.2. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-2.2 if not request.client_id: raise errors.MissingClientIdError(request=request) if not self.request_validator.validate_client_id(request.client_id, request): raise errors.InvalidClientIdError(request=request) # OPTIONAL. As described in Section 3.1.2. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-3.1.2 log.debug('Validating redirection uri %s for client %s.', request.redirect_uri, request.client_id) if request.redirect_uri is not None: request.using_default_redirect_uri = False log.debug('Using provided redirect_uri %s', request.redirect_uri) if not is_absolute_uri(request.redirect_uri): raise errors.InvalidRedirectURIError(request=request) if not self.request_validator.validate_redirect_uri( request.client_id, request.redirect_uri, request): raise errors.MismatchingRedirectURIError(request=request) else: request.redirect_uri = self.request_validator.get_default_redirect_uri( request.client_id, request) request.using_default_redirect_uri = True log.debug('Using default redirect_uri %s.', request.redirect_uri) if not request.redirect_uri: raise errors.MissingRedirectURIError(request=request) if not is_absolute_uri(request.redirect_uri): raise errors.InvalidRedirectURIError(request=request) # Then check for normal errors. # If the resource owner denies the access request or if the request # fails for reasons other than a missing or invalid redirection URI, # the authorization server informs the client by adding the following # parameters to the query component of the redirection URI using the # "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" format, per Appendix B. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#appendix-B # Note that the correct parameters to be added are automatically # populated through the use of specific exceptions. request_info = {} for validator in self.custom_validators.pre_auth: request_info.update(validator(request)) # REQUIRED. if request.response_type is None: raise errors.MissingResponseTypeError(request=request) # Value MUST be set to "code" or one of the OpenID authorization code including # response_types "code token", "code id_token", "code token id_token" elif not 'code' in request.response_type and request.response_type != 'none': raise errors.UnsupportedResponseTypeError(request=request) if not self.request_validator.validate_response_type(request.client_id, request.response_type, request.client, request): log.debug('Client %s is not authorized to use response_type %s.', request.client_id, request.response_type) raise errors.UnauthorizedClientError(request=request) # OPTIONAL. The scope of the access request as described by Section 3.3 # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-3.3 self.validate_scopes(request) request_info.update({ 'client_id': request.client_id, 'redirect_uri': request.redirect_uri, 'response_type': request.response_type, 'state': request.state, 'request': request }) for validator in self.custom_validators.post_auth: request_info.update(validator(request)) return request.scopes, request_info
[docs] def validate_token_request(self, request): """ :param request: OAuthlib request. :type request: oauthlib.common.Request """ # REQUIRED. Value MUST be set to "authorization_code". if request.grant_type not in ('authorization_code', 'openid'): raise errors.UnsupportedGrantTypeError(request=request) for validator in self.custom_validators.pre_token: validator(request) if request.code is None: raise errors.InvalidRequestError( description='Missing code parameter.', request=request) for param in ('client_id', 'grant_type', 'redirect_uri'): if param in request.duplicate_params: raise errors.InvalidRequestError(description='Duplicate %s parameter.' % param, request=request) if self.request_validator.client_authentication_required(request): # If the client type is confidential or the client was issued client # credentials (or assigned other authentication requirements), the # client MUST authenticate with the authorization server as described # in Section 3.2.1. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-3.2.1 if not self.request_validator.authenticate_client(request): log.debug('Client authentication failed, %r.', request) raise errors.InvalidClientError(request=request) elif not self.request_validator.authenticate_client_id(request.client_id, request): # REQUIRED, if the client is not authenticating with the # authorization server as described in Section 3.2.1. # https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-3.2.1 log.debug('Client authentication failed, %r.', request) raise errors.InvalidClientError(request=request) if not hasattr(request.client, 'client_id'): raise NotImplementedError('Authenticate client must set the ' 'request.client.client_id attribute ' 'in authenticate_client.') request.client_id = request.client_id or request.client.client_id # Ensure client is authorized use of this grant type self.validate_grant_type(request) # REQUIRED. The authorization code received from the # authorization server. if not self.request_validator.validate_code(request.client_id, request.code, request.client, request): log.debug('Client, %r (%r), is not allowed access to scopes %r.', request.client_id, request.client, request.scopes) raise errors.InvalidGrantError(request=request) for attr in ('user', 'scopes'): if getattr(request, attr, None) is None: log.debug('request.%s was not set on code validation.', attr) # REQUIRED, if the "redirect_uri" parameter was included in the # authorization request as described in Section 4.1.1, and their # values MUST be identical. if request.redirect_uri is None: request.using_default_redirect_uri = True request.redirect_uri = self.request_validator.get_default_redirect_uri( request.client_id, request) log.debug('Using default redirect_uri %s.', request.redirect_uri) if not request.redirect_uri: raise errors.MissingRedirectURIError(request=request) else: request.using_default_redirect_uri = False log.debug('Using provided redirect_uri %s', request.redirect_uri) if not self.request_validator.confirm_redirect_uri(request.client_id, request.code, request.redirect_uri, request.client, request): log.debug('Redirect_uri (%r) invalid for client %r (%r).', request.redirect_uri, request.client_id, request.client) raise errors.MismatchingRedirectURIError(request=request) for validator in self.custom_validators.post_token: validator(request)